Galeri foto dan video komunitas penambang di Kabupaten Gunung Mas

Cerita dari komunitas penambang skala kecil saat pandemi COVID-19 di Kabupaten Gunung Mas

Komunitas Pertambangan Emas Skala Kecil (PESK) ada di Desa Rangan Tate, Kecamatan Mihing Raya, Kabupaten Gunung Mas, Kalimantan Tengah. PESK merupakan mata pencaharian utama warga Desa Rangan Tate. Sebagian besar masyarakat menambang emas aluvial di areal Sungai Murui yang berjarak 15 km dari pemukiman, Sungai Kahayan dan sungai-sungai kecil yang ada di wilayah desa.

Sejak beberapa tahun terakhir, intensitas aktivitas PESK menurun akibat berkurangnya lahan. Penambang pun bekerja semakin jauh dari pemukiman untuk mencari lahan baru. Kegiatan ini meninggalkan masalah lahan bekas tambang yang terbengkalai dan diduga telah tercemar merkuri. Perkebunan karet menjadi mata pencaharian utama warga disamping menambang emas. Harga hasil perkebunan karet sekarang semakin menurun sehingga banyak warga menelantarkan kebun karet dan berpindah ke PESK yang lebih menjanjikan.

COVID-19 sangat berdampak terhadap kehidupan ekonomi masyarakat. Daya beli masyarakat menurun, sedangkan harga kebutuhan harian naik. Beberapa rumah tangga berkebun dan beternak skala kecil untuk menambah penghasilan sekaligus mengurangi pengeluaran keluarga. COVID-19 juga berdampak pada pendidikan. Anak-anak harus belajar secara daring dan tidak bisa bebas bermain. Belajar daring juga menambah beban orang tua untuk membeli pulsa dan harus menemani anak belajar di rumah.

Beberapa peserta pelatihan bercerita melalui foto dan video menampilkan foto-foto potensi di Desa Rangan Tate. Potensi ini sebagian berupa budaya yang identik dengan agama penduduk lokal Dayak, Hindu Kaharingan. Sebagian foto terkait dengan mata pencaharian warga yaitu kebun karet, pemanfaatan lokasi tambang dan pandai besi (manasal). Peserta mengambil video ini dengan tujuan untuk membagikan potensi yang ada di desa dan melestarikan nilai budaya Dayak Kalimantan Tengah.

There is an artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) communities in Rangan Tate Village, Mihing Raya District, Gunung Mas Regency, Central Kalimantan.  ASGM is the main livelihood of Rangan Tate Villagers. Most of the communities mine alluvial gold in Murui River, 15 km from the settlement, also in Kahayan River and small streams in the village area.

For the last several years, the intensity of ASGM activities have declined due to decreased land. Miners work further from settlement in order to look for new land. These activities have result with stranded and allegedly mercury-polluted ex-mining area.  Rubber tree plantations is main livelihood of the residents in addition to gold mining. Due to the decreased price of rubber plantation products, many residents have abandoned rubber plantations and moved to ASGM) that is more promising.

COVID-19 has greatly impacted the community economic life. The purchasing power of the community has decreased, while the price of daily needs increases. Some households carry out small-scale plantation and animal husbandry in order to increase their income while reducing family spending. COVID-19 also affects education. Children must study through online and cannot play freely. Online learning also increases parents’ burden for buying phone credits and accompanying their children to study at home.

Some participants of the Photovoice training show photos of the potentials in Rangan Tate Village. These potentials are partly cultural potentials which are identical to the religion of Dayak residents, which are Kaharingan Hinduism. Some of the photos are related to residents’ livelihoods, namely rubber plantation, utilization of mine area and blacksmith (manasal). Participants took this video with the purpose of sharing the potentials in the village and preserve the Dayak cultural values of Central Kalimantan.

Perjuangan dan ketangguhan komunitas penambang dalam foto dan video

Photos and Videos of the Struggle and Resilience of Miner Communities

Foto dan video ini adalah hasil karya para penambang skala kecil yang telah mendapat pelatihan bercerita melalui foto dan video (Photovoice). Dokumentasi ini memperlihatkan kehidupan dan perjuangan mereka bertahan hidup saat pandemi COVID-19. Foto dan video ini menjadi media untuk beraspirasi dan berekspresi bagi perempuan dan anak muda komunitas penambang skala kecil.

These photos and videos are the work of the artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) communities who have received Photovoice training. These documentations show their life and struggle to survive during the COVID-19 pandemic. These photos and videos serve as a media of aspiration and expression for women and youths of ASM communities.

Pelatihan bercerita melalui foto dan video (Photovoice)

Training in Story Telling Through Photos and Videos (Photovoice)

Lanjutkan ke galeri foto dan video penambang skala kecil lainnya:

Kunjungi galeri foto dan video penambang skala kecil di lokasi berikut:

Visit the photo and video gallery of small-scale miners in the following location: